特朗普管理局批准更新无人机出口政策

特朗普政府已宣布于7月24日更新到2018年无人机系统(UAS)出口政策。

With this revision, the U.S. government will invoke its national discretion on the implementation of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)’s ‘strong presumption of denial’ for transfers of Category I systems to treat a carefully selected subset of MTCR Category I UAS with maximum airspeed less than 800 kilometers per hour as Category II.

A statement from Morgan Ortagus, the spokesperson for the U.S. Department of State, said that all proposed transfers affected by this change will continue to be subject to the same rigorous review criteria outlined in the United States’ UAS Export Policy, the Conventional Arms Transfer Policy, and the Arms Export Control Act, as well as the specific nonproliferation criteria identified in the MTCR Guidelines.

摩根Ortagus全按声明:

如今,政府宣布更新2018年无人机系统(UAS)出口影响美国最具创新精神的行业之一策略。With this revision, the U.S. government will invoke its national discretion on the implementation of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)’s ‘strong presumption of denial’ for transfers of Category I systems to treat a carefully selected subset of MTCR Category I UAS with maximum airspeed less than 800 kilometers per hour as Category II.

All proposed transfers affected by this change will continue to be subject to the same rigorous review criteria outlined in the United States’ UAS Export Policy, the Conventional Arms Transfer Policy, and the Arms Export Control Act, as well as the specific nonproliferation criteria identified in the MTCR Guidelines. This policy change modernizes our approach to implementing our MTCR commitments to reflect current technological realities and helps our allies and partners meet their urgent national security and commercial requirements.

美国仍然是MTCR的忠实成员,并将其视为一个重要的防扩散工具来遏制高端导弹技术以诸如朝鲜和伊朗等国蔓延。防止大规模杀伤性武器及其运载工具的使用和传播仍然是一个管理的优先级。

从白宫新闻秘书的声明:

今天,总裁唐纳德·特朗普正在采取行动来改善出口无人机系统(UAS)的标准。虽然导弹技术控制制度(MTCR)是在减缓的增殖和促进和平与安全至关重要,它是在现代化的迫切需要,因为它适用于UAS。在迅速发展的技术部门,MTCR的标准是超过三个十年的历史。不仅妨碍我们的合作伙伴和盟友与技术欠佳做这些过时的标准给予不公平的优势,以MTCR和伤害美国产业欧洲杯比分大竞猜以外的国家,他们也阻碍了我们的威慑能力在国外。两年多的与MTCR伙伴讨论无法产生这个逾期不改的共识。因此,总统已决定调用我们国家的自由裁量权对待MTCR的第一类UAS精心挑选的子集,不能时速行驶速度超过800公里,为II类。因此,美国已经确定,这将克服MTCR的否认强推定该UAS的子集。

这一行动,与MTCR Guideli一致nes and the objectives of the April 2018 UAS Export Policy, will increase our national security by improving the capabilities of our partners and increase our economic security by opening the expanding UAS market to United States industry. It also sets a strong example for other MTCR partners to adopt the same standard.

美国无人机出口继续受到在UAS出口政策,常规武器转让政策,以及武器出口管制法概述了严格的审查标准,以及在MTCR准则确定的具体防扩散标准。喜欢wise, approving or denying a UAS sale to any country is a whole-of-government decision and takes into account our national security, nonproliferation, and foreign policy objectives, as well as the purchasing country’s ability to responsibly use and safeguard United States-origin technology. The United States looks forward to all MTCR nations joining us in adopting this new standard.



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